Definition of Khanqah

لدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) قَوْلُهُ: وَرِبَاطٍ هُوَ خَانْكَاةُ الصُّوفِيَّةُ وَهُوَ مُتَعَبَّدُهُمْ. وَفِي كَلَامِ ابْنِ وَفَا نَفَعَنَا الله بِهِ مَا يُفِيدُ أَنَّهَا بِالْقَافِ فَإِنَّهُ قَالَ الْخَنْقُ فِي اللُّغَةِ:التَّضْيِيقُ، وَالْخَانِقُ: الطَّرِيقُ الضَّيِّقُ وَمِنْهُ سُمِّيَتْ الزَّاوِيَةُ الَّتِي يَسْكُنُهَا صُوفِيَّةُ الرُّومِ الْخَانْقَاهْ لِتَضْيِيقِهِمْ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ بِالشُّرُوطِ الَّتِي يَلْتَزِمُونَهَا فِي مُلَازَمَتِهَا وَيَقُولُونَ فِيهَا أَيْضًا مَنْ غَابَ عَنْ الْحُضُورِ غَابَ نَصِيبُهُ إلَّا أَهْلَ الْخَوَانِقِ وَهِيَ مَضَايِقُ اهـ ط. وَوَجْهُ تَسْمِيَتِهَا رِبَاطًا أَنَّهَا مِنْ الرَّبْطِ: أَيْ الْمُلَازَمَةِ عَلَى الْأَمْرِ، وَمِنْهُ سُمِّيَ الْمَقَامُ فِي ثَغْرِ الْعَدُوِّ رِبَاطًا، وَمِنْهُ قَوْله تَعَالَى {وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا} [آل عمران: 200] وَمَعْنَاهُ انْتِظَارُ الصَّلَاةِ بَعْدَ الصَّلَاةِ، لِقَوْلِهِ – عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ – «فَذَلِكُمْ الرِّبَاطُ» أَفَادَهُ فِي الْقَامُوس

In Durrul Mukhtar, Allama Ibn Aabideen Shami (RA) writes, Ribaat refersto the Khanqah of the Sufis, their place of worship. The dictionary meaning of”Khanq” is narrowness. “Khaniq” refers to a narrow path.Therefore the small corner in which the Sufis of Rome had resided is referred to as a Khanqah, because they would restrict themselves with conditions which they had to adhere to in that place. The Arabs also say, Whoever is absent from my presence, his share is lost except the people of Khawaniq (narrow places). The reason for referring to it as ‘Ribaat’ is because it is derivedfrom the word ‘Rabt’ which means to stick firmly upon a matter, thus a gap oropening to the enemy is called Ribaat.(Therefore that the gap of our enemies(i.e. Shaytaan and Nafs) should be guarded). From it is the verse of the Quraan Sharif, “be firm in fighting (the enemy) and remain steadfast”. Also it means, wait for (the next) Salaah after the completion of one Salaah, as Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam referred to this action as Ribaat

 

Shajaraat / Spiritual Hierarchy

This is the complete Shajaraat / Spiritual Hierarchy of Masha’ikh(teachers) of Hazrat Moulana Mohammed Mehtar Saheb Daamat Barakaatuhum,Khalifa of Hazrat Maulana Abdul Hamid Is’haq Sahib Daamat Barakaatuhum

Silsila Chistiya Sabiriya Imdaadia

Chistiya Nizaamia

1 Shafeeul Muthnibeen Rahmatul Lil aala meen Khatamun Nabeeyeen Hazrat Sayyidina Molana Muhammad Rasoolullah Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam Shafeeul Muthnibeen Rahmatul Lil aala meen Khatamun Nabeeyeen Hazrat Sayyidina Molana Muhammad Rasoolullah Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam
2 Hazrat Ameerul Mumineen Sayyidina Ali ibn Abi Taalib RA Hazrat Ameerul Mumineen Sayyidina Ali ibn Abi Taalib RA
3 Hazrat Khwaja Hasan Basri RA Hazrat Khwaja Hasan Basri RA
4 Hazrat Abdul Wahid bin Zaid RA Hazrat Abdul Wahid bin Zaid RA
5 Hazrat Khwaja Fudhail bin Ayaaz RA Hazrat Khwaja Fudhail bin Ayaaz RA
6 Hazrat Sultan Ibrahim Adham Balkhi RA Hazrat Sultan Ibrahim Adham Balkhi RA
7 Hazrat Khwaja Huzaifa Mirashi RA Hazrat Khwaja Huzaifa Mirashi RA
8 Hazrat Khwaja Abu Hubaira Basri RA Hazrat Khwaja Abu Hubaira Basri RA
9 Hazrat Khwaja Mumshad Ali Dinawari RA Hazrat Khwaja Mumshad Ali Dinawari RA
10 Hazrat Khwaja Abu Ishaq Shaami RA Hazrat Khwaja Abu Ishaq Shaami RA
11 Hazrat Khwaja Abu Ahmed Abdaal Chisti RA Hazrat Khwaja Abu Ahmed Abdaal Chisti RA
12 Hazrat Khwaja Abu Muhammed Chisti RA Hazrat Khwaja Abu Muhammed Chisti RA
13 Hazrat Khwaja Abu Yusuf Chisti RA Hazrat Khwaja Abu Yusuf Chisti RA
14 Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddeen Maudud Chisti RA Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddeen Maudud Chisti RA
15 Hazrat Khwaja Hajee Shareef Az-Zindaani RA Hazrat Khwaja Hajee Shareef Az-Zindaani RA
16 Hazrat Khwaja Uthmaan Harooni Chisti RA Hazrat Khwaja Uthmaan Harooni Chisti RA
17 Hazrat Khwaja Mueenud Deen Hassan Sanjaree RA Hazrat Khwaja Mueenud Deen Hassan Sanjaree RA
18 Hazrat Khwaja Kutubud Deen Bakhtiyaar kaaki RA Hazrat Khwaja Kutubud Deen Bakhtiyaar kaaki RA
19 Hazrat Sheikh Fareedud Deen Masood Shakar Ghanj RA Hazrat Sheikh Fareedud Deen Masood Shakar Ghanj RA
20 Hazrat Makhdoom Alawud Deen Ali Ahmed Saabir Kalyari RA Hazrat Sheikh Nizaamud Deen Auliyaa RA
21 Hazrat Sheikh Shamsud Deen Turk Paani Patti RA Hazrat Sheikh Naseeruddeen Mahmood Chiragh Ad Delhlwi RA
22 Hazrat Sheikh Jalaalud Deen Kabirul Awliya Paani Patti RA Hazrat Sayyid Muhammed Hussaini Gesu Daraz Banda Nawaaz RA
23 Hazrat Sheikh Ahmed Abdul Haq RAdowlwi RA Hazrat Sheikh Sadruddeen AwdhI RA
24 Hazrat Sheikh Aarif RAdowlwi RA Hazrat Sheikh Alaud Deen AwdhI RA
25 Hazrat Sheikh Muhammed RAdowlwi RA Hazrat Sheikh Ibn Hakeem AwdhI RA
26 Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qudoos Ganghohi RA Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qudoos Ganghohi RA
27 Hazrat Sheikh Jalaalud Deen Thanesari RA Hazrat Sheikh Jalaalud Deen Thanesari RA
28 Hazrat Sheikh Nizaamud Deen Balkhi RA Hazrat Sheikh Nizaamud Deen Balkhi RA
29 Hazrat Sheikh Abu Saeed Ganghohi RA Hazrat Sheikh Abu Saeed Ganghohi RA
30 Hazrat Sheikh Muhibullah I’laahabaadi RA Hazrat Sheikh Muhibullah I’laahabaadi RA
31 Hazrat Sayyid Shah Muhammadi RA Hazrat Sayyid Shah Muhammadi RA
32 Hazrat Shah Muhammed Makki RA Hazrat Shah Muhammed Makki RA
33 Hazrat Shah Azdud Deen Amrohi RA Hazrat Shah Azdud Deen Amrohi RA
34 Hazrat Shah Abdul Haadi Amrohi RA Hazrat Shah Abdul Haadi Amrohi RA
35 Hazrat Shah Abdul Baari Amrohi RA Hazrat Shah Abdul Baari Amrohi RA
36 Hazrat Shah Abdur RAheem Shaheed Wilaayati RA Hazrat Shah Abdur RAheem Shaheed Wilaayati RA
37 Hazrat Miyanjeewoe Noor Muhammed Jhinjhanawi RA Hazrat Miyanjeewoe Noor Muhammed Jhinjhanawi RA
38 Kutubul Aktaab Hazrat Hajee Imdaadullah Muhaajir Makki RA Kutubul Aktaab Hazrat Hajee Imdaadullah Muhaajir Makki RA
39 Mujadid e Millat Hakeemul Ummat Hazrat Molana Ashraf Ali Thanvi RA Mujadid e Millat Hakeemul Ummat Hazrat Molana Ashraf Ali Thanvi RA
40 Sheikhul Mashaaikh Muhiyu Sunnah Hazrat Shah Abrarul Haqq Saheb RA Sheikhul Mashaaikh Muhiyu Sunnah Hazrat Shah Abrarul Haqq Saheb RA
41 Aarif Billah Hazrat Aqdas Molana Shah Hakeem Muhammed Akhtar Saheb RA Aarif Billah Hazrat Aqdas Molana Shah Hakeem Muhammed Akhtar Saheb RA
42 Hazrat Molana Abdul Hamid Ishaq Saheb DB Hazrat Molana Abdul Hamid Ishaq Saheb DB
43 Hazrat Moulana Mohammed Mehtar Saheb DB Hazrat Moulana Mohammed Mehtar Saheb DB