Definition of Khanqah

لدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) قَوْلُهُ: وَرِبَاطٍ هُوَ خَانْكَاةُ الصُّوفِيَّةُ وَهُوَ مُتَعَبَّدُهُمْ. وَفِي كَلَامِ ابْنِ وَفَا نَفَعَنَا الله بِهِ مَا يُفِيدُ أَنَّهَا بِالْقَافِ فَإِنَّهُ قَالَ الْخَنْقُ فِي اللُّغَةِ:التَّضْيِيقُ، وَالْخَانِقُ: الطَّرِيقُ الضَّيِّقُ وَمِنْهُ سُمِّيَتْ الزَّاوِيَةُ الَّتِي يَسْكُنُهَا صُوفِيَّةُ الرُّومِ الْخَانْقَاهْ لِتَضْيِيقِهِمْ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ بِالشُّرُوطِ الَّتِي يَلْتَزِمُونَهَا فِي مُلَازَمَتِهَا وَيَقُولُونَ فِيهَا أَيْضًا مَنْ غَابَ عَنْ الْحُضُورِ غَابَ نَصِيبُهُ إلَّا أَهْلَ الْخَوَانِقِ وَهِيَ مَضَايِقُ اهـ ط. وَوَجْهُ تَسْمِيَتِهَا رِبَاطًا أَنَّهَا مِنْ الرَّبْطِ: أَيْ الْمُلَازَمَةِ عَلَى الْأَمْرِ، وَمِنْهُ سُمِّيَ الْمَقَامُ فِي ثَغْرِ الْعَدُوِّ رِبَاطًا، وَمِنْهُ قَوْله تَعَالَى {وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا} [آل عمران: 200] وَمَعْنَاهُ انْتِظَارُ الصَّلَاةِ بَعْدَ الصَّلَاةِ، لِقَوْلِهِ – عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ – «فَذَلِكُمْ الرِّبَاطُ» أَفَادَهُ فِي الْقَامُوس

In Durrul Mukhtar, Allama Ibn Aabideen Shami (RA) writes, Ribaat refersto the Khanqah of the Sufis, their place of worship. The dictionary meaning of”Khanq” is narrowness. “Khaniq” refers to a narrow path.Therefore the small corner in which the Sufis of Rome had resided is referred to as a Khanqah, because they would restrict themselves with conditions which they had to adhere to in that place. The Arabs also say, Whoever is absent from my presence, his share is lost except the people of Khawaniq (narrow places). The reason for referring to it as ‘Ribaat’ is because it is derivedfrom the word ‘Rabt’ which means to stick firmly upon a matter, thus a gap oropening to the enemy is called Ribaat.(Therefore that the gap of our enemies(i.e. Shaytaan and Nafs) should be guarded). From it is the verse of the Quraan Sharif, “be firm in fighting (the enemy) and remain steadfast”. Also it means, wait for (the next) Salaah after the completion of one Salaah, as Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam referred to this action as Ribaat

 

Shajaraat / Spiritual Hierarchy

This is the complete Shajaraat / Spiritual Hierarchy of Masha’ikh(teachers) of Hazrat Moulana Mohammed Mehtar Saheb Daamat Barakaatuhum,Khalifa of Hazrat Maulana Abdul Hamid Is’haq Sahib Daamat Barakaatuhum

Silsila Chistiya Sabiriya Imdaadia

Chistiya Nizaamia

1Shafeeul Muthnibeen Rahmatul Lil aala meen Khatamun Nabeeyeen Hazrat Sayyidina Molana Muhammad Rasoolullah Salallahu Alaihi WasallamShafeeul Muthnibeen Rahmatul Lil aala meen Khatamun Nabeeyeen Hazrat Sayyidina Molana Muhammad Rasoolullah Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam
2Hazrat Ameerul Mumineen Sayyidina Ali ibn Abi Taalib RAHazrat Ameerul Mumineen Sayyidina Ali ibn Abi Taalib RA
3Hazrat Khwaja Hasan Basri RAHazrat Khwaja Hasan Basri RA
4Hazrat Abdul Wahid bin Zaid RAHazrat Abdul Wahid bin Zaid RA
5Hazrat Khwaja Fudhail bin Ayaaz RAHazrat Khwaja Fudhail bin Ayaaz RA
6Hazrat Sultan Ibrahim Adham Balkhi RAHazrat Sultan Ibrahim Adham Balkhi RA
7Hazrat Khwaja Huzaifa Mirashi RAHazrat Khwaja Huzaifa Mirashi RA
8Hazrat Khwaja Abu Hubaira Basri RAHazrat Khwaja Abu Hubaira Basri RA
9Hazrat Khwaja Mumshad Ali Dinawari RAHazrat Khwaja Mumshad Ali Dinawari RA
10Hazrat Khwaja Abu Ishaq Shaami RAHazrat Khwaja Abu Ishaq Shaami RA
11Hazrat Khwaja Abu Ahmed Abdaal Chisti RAHazrat Khwaja Abu Ahmed Abdaal Chisti RA
12Hazrat Khwaja Abu Muhammed Chisti RAHazrat Khwaja Abu Muhammed Chisti RA
13Hazrat Khwaja Abu Yusuf Chisti RAHazrat Khwaja Abu Yusuf Chisti RA
14Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddeen Maudud Chisti RAHazrat Khwaja Qutubuddeen Maudud Chisti RA
15Hazrat Khwaja Hajee Shareef Az-Zindaani RAHazrat Khwaja Hajee Shareef Az-Zindaani RA
16Hazrat Khwaja Uthmaan Harooni Chisti RAHazrat Khwaja Uthmaan Harooni Chisti RA
17Hazrat Khwaja Mueenud Deen Hassan Sanjaree RAHazrat Khwaja Mueenud Deen Hassan Sanjaree RA
18Hazrat Khwaja Kutubud Deen Bakhtiyaar kaaki RAHazrat Khwaja Kutubud Deen Bakhtiyaar kaaki RA
19Hazrat Sheikh Fareedud Deen Masood Shakar Ghanj RAHazrat Sheikh Fareedud Deen Masood Shakar Ghanj RA
20Hazrat Makhdoom Alawud Deen Ali Ahmed Saabir Kalyari RAHazrat Sheikh Nizaamud Deen Auliyaa RA
21Hazrat Sheikh Shamsud Deen Turk Paani Patti RAHazrat Sheikh Naseeruddeen Mahmood Chiragh Ad Delhlwi RA
22Hazrat Sheikh Jalaalud Deen Kabirul Awliya Paani Patti RAHazrat Sayyid Muhammed Hussaini Gesu Daraz Banda Nawaaz RA
23Hazrat Sheikh Ahmed Abdul Haq RAdowlwi RAHazrat Sheikh Sadruddeen AwdhI RA
24Hazrat Sheikh Aarif RAdowlwi RAHazrat Sheikh Alaud Deen AwdhI RA
25Hazrat Sheikh Muhammed RAdowlwi RAHazrat Sheikh Ibn Hakeem AwdhI RA
26Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qudoos Ganghohi RAHazrat Sheikh Abdul Qudoos Ganghohi RA
27Hazrat Sheikh Jalaalud Deen Thanesari RAHazrat Sheikh Jalaalud Deen Thanesari RA
28Hazrat Sheikh Nizaamud Deen Balkhi RAHazrat Sheikh Nizaamud Deen Balkhi RA
29Hazrat Sheikh Abu Saeed Ganghohi RAHazrat Sheikh Abu Saeed Ganghohi RA
30Hazrat Sheikh Muhibullah I’laahabaadi RAHazrat Sheikh Muhibullah I’laahabaadi RA
31Hazrat Sayyid Shah Muhammadi RAHazrat Sayyid Shah Muhammadi RA
32Hazrat Shah Muhammed Makki RAHazrat Shah Muhammed Makki RA
33Hazrat Shah Azdud Deen Amrohi RAHazrat Shah Azdud Deen Amrohi RA
34Hazrat Shah Abdul Haadi Amrohi RAHazrat Shah Abdul Haadi Amrohi RA
35Hazrat Shah Abdul Baari Amrohi RAHazrat Shah Abdul Baari Amrohi RA
36Hazrat Shah Abdur RAheem Shaheed Wilaayati RAHazrat Shah Abdur RAheem Shaheed Wilaayati RA
37Hazrat Miyanjeewoe Noor Muhammed Jhinjhanawi RAHazrat Miyanjeewoe Noor Muhammed Jhinjhanawi RA
38Kutubul Aktaab Hazrat Hajee Imdaadullah Muhaajir Makki RAKutubul Aktaab Hazrat Hajee Imdaadullah Muhaajir Makki RA
39Mujadid e Millat Hakeemul Ummat Hazrat Molana Ashraf Ali Thanvi RAMujadid e Millat Hakeemul Ummat Hazrat Molana Ashraf Ali Thanvi RA
40Sheikhul Mashaaikh Muhiyu Sunnah Hazrat Shah Abrarul Haqq Saheb RASheikhul Mashaaikh Muhiyu Sunnah Hazrat Shah Abrarul Haqq Saheb RA
41Aarif Billah Hazrat Aqdas Molana Shah Hakeem Muhammed Akhtar Saheb RAAarif Billah Hazrat Aqdas Molana Shah Hakeem Muhammed Akhtar Saheb RA
42Hazrat Molana Abdul Hamid Ishaq Saheb DBHazrat Molana Abdul Hamid Ishaq Saheb DB
43Hazrat Moulana Mohammed Mehtar Saheb DBHazrat Moulana Mohammed Mehtar Saheb DB